More than half a billion people in our country are affected by myopia, or near-sightedness. Though not a life-threatening condition, myopia can pose several problems that can hamper our daily life. The symptoms are fairly common – your eyesight seems to be perfect up close but you find it difficult to read or see things at a distance, or even make out people’s faces. If you have begun to notice these signs lately, maybe it’s time to visit your eye doctor.
Having said so, myopia is an extremely common eye condition but not many people are actually aware about it. If you want to learn more about myopia, please read ahead.
Myopia is a highly prevalent eye condition
Another name for nearsightedness, myopia simply means that you have problems seeing things kept that are far away. As mentioned, it is not something that can be risky to eye health but it needs to be addressed at the right time. People with myopia can go on to lead normal lives with the help of spectacles or contact lenses. Prevalence of myopia is rising day-by-day, which would be due to frequent computer-viewing for long hours, intensive close-up vision tasks and genetics.
Myriad symptoms of myopia
If you’re experiencing continuous headaches, eye strain and physical fatigue, it could mean myopia. Frequent squinting to see distant objects is another major sign of the condition, and treatment is necessary. This is because the eyes have to work harder to focus on the object, which tires out the body as well.
Irregularly-shaped eyeballs could mean myopia
Sometimes, myopia might not be your fault after all. Eyeballs that are too long divert the light rays to focus away from the surface of the retina. It may also happen that the lens and the cornea, or both, are too curved in proportion to the length of the eyeball.
Myopia generally progresses with age
Myopia is generally detected in childhood, and may even disappear in adulthood. However, it generally progresses with age which is why you need to go for corrective measures.
Myopia can’t be cured, but controlled
It is difficult to say if myopia can be cured, but there are many options that can control its progression. Apart from spectacles and contact lenses, one can go for bi-focal and contact lenses, photodynamic therapy that includes drug and laser procedure and oral medication.
Use of spectacles and contact lenses will help
Spectacles and contact lenses are the most common devices to deal with myopia. Visit your eye doctor to get your prescribed eye glasses or contact, which you might have to wear all the time. You can also use your glasses occasionally such as when reading, driving, watching television and viewing a presentation according to your prescription.
Refractive surgery is another way to solve myopia
Refractive surgery includes modern procedures like Lasik and PNK, both of which involve different ways of manipulating the corneal tissue and treating the disorder.
Orthokeratology is a non-surgical procedure where patients are required to wear special contact lenses that are rigid and allow gas to permeate. This allows the lenses to reshape the cornea when the patient sleeps.
Therefore, myopia is something that can be easily diagnosed and controlled. If you are experiencing some major eye issues, it would be a good move to visit your optician and get your eyes tested.
Article Submitted By Community Writer