There are various risk factors that contribute to a heart attack, leading to unnecessary deposit of fats which make the arteries of the heart narrow. Over a long period of time, the fatty build up in the linings of the arteries lead to plaque formation. These plaques rupture and lead to a blood-clot at the site of the rupture. This brings down the blood and the oxygen supply to the body. It is important for everybody to control these risk factors to reduce the chances of getting cardiovascular diseases. There are a few factors such as age, gender, family history or genetics, which lead to a heart attack. However, there are other factors that can be effectively controlled with changes to lifestyle. Following are some risk factors which may trigger heart attack in individuals.
1. Diabetes: Diabetes Mellitus is considered to be a major risk factor for cardiovascular diseases. Diabetes affects the larger arteries, kidneys and microvasculature system of the body. Studies show that people who do not have diabetes are at lower risk when compared to people who have diabetes. Diabetics tend to develop disease called diabetic cardiomyopathy that weakens the function and the structure of the heart. Adapting to better health choices and lifestyle changes lowers the risk of developing a heart disease.
2. Rheumatoid arthritis: RA or Rheumatoid arthritis is a condition when the body’s immune system attacks the bone and the cartilage, and sometimes other vital organs such as the lungs and the heart. It causes inflammation in the joints of a person. Studies indicate that this inflammation has the capacity to form plaque in the heart arteries that can potentially trigger heart attacks or cardio vascular ailments. Heart disease is silent in people having RA. Hence, it is necessary for such people to go for cardiac and other related checkups such as blood pressure. Such patients should be watchful for any warning signs and should seek immediate medical counsel and assistance.
3. Migraines: Researches found that people having migraines have doubled the risk of getting a heart attack. They are prone to have other risk factors for a heart disease such as diabetes, high blood pressure and high cholesterol. This underlying risk is all the more high for people having regular migraine attacks. Studies also show that patients having migraine with aura have thrice the chances of risking a heart attack or disease. It is believed that genetic factors could be a common link between migraine and a heart disease.
4. Insomnia: People who regularly suffer from insomnia are at a higher risk of experiencing a cardiac attack. It is recommended for such patients to talk to medical professionals if they are having symptoms. Studies indicate that people, who struggle to sleep, have more risk of a heart attack. Hence, it is important for such people to be aware of this connection and take appropriate measures to treat insomnia.
5. Depression and stress: Another surprising risk factor for a heart disease is depression. Often genetic makeup in a person triggers both the conditions. Unmanaged depression often leads to high blood pressure, irregular heartbeats and a compromised immune system. These have adverse effects on the cardiovascular system and make a person at risk to get a cardiac attack. Negative emotions, thoughts, relationship issues tend to stress the heart increasing the chances of a heart attack.
6. Psoriasis: Extensive findings show that people suffering from psoriasis condition are likely to have diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol and other risk factors for heart disease. C – reactive protein is often screened through blood tests to check the risk for heart attacks. Patients with Psoriasis condition should have increased awareness of this condition to manage it in a better way. Both Psoriasis and atherosclerosis are inflammatory ailments which are believed to be the common link behind psoriasis-heart disease condition.
7. Infections: If a person is susceptible to flu and other respiratory infections, he is five times likely to have a heart attack. Infections bring down the immune system that triggers an inflammatory response which leads to heart attack or stroke. Infections also include oral infections such as gum disease and other dental ailments.
8. Strong calcium supplements: Researches indicate that people who took about 1 gram of calcium citrate over a long term of five years are under the risk of a heart attack. Excess calcium intake builds plaque in the heart arteries, which leads to a cardiac attack. Though this research is not yet confirmed, it is important to consult a doctor on the limit of calcium intake and its dosage.