Millions of women around the world consider abortion pills as their first resort when it comes to terminating an unwanted pregnancy. Many women in fact prefer these pills to surgeries and other invasive methods to cease an early pregnancy. However, not many fully understand the disadvantages of using abortion pills to self-terminate a pregnancy. As such, here are some pointers that need to be carefully considered before opting for these pills.
How do Abortion Pills work?
Two of the most common abortion pills preferred by woman include Mifepristone and Misoprostol. These medications can be easily availed on online medical stores as well as local pharmacies (provided there is no ban on using them).
When consumed, the medications cause the womb to contract multiple times and expel the pregnancy as a result. If not effective at first, a woman needs to take the medication again after 3 days. However, it is to be noted that the pills work best only when taken before 12 weeks of pregnancy. Taking the pills afterwards can lead to severe complications.
Benefits of Abortion Pills
Before delving into the downsides of abortion pills, let’s take a look at the reasons why many women prefer these pills to terminate an unwanted pregnancy.
No need for physician visits: In most cases, these abortion pills can be bought over the counter at any local pharmacy or online medical store. Travel and other related hassles can be avoided this way.
Early Termination: Surgical termination of a fetus can be done only after the 6th or 7th week of pregnancy whereas one can opt for abortion pills as early as the 4th week itself, thus lessening the chances of discomforts and other side effects.
No admission required: Surgical termination of a pregnancy requires a woman to get admitted at a facility and bring along a person for the same purpose. This can be avoided with abortion pills which can be taken at home itself without the need for any additional help or support.
The Cons of using Abortion Pills
Now that we know why many women prefer abortion pills, let’s take a look at the myriad disadvantages of using these pills.
Excessive Uterine Bleeding: This is the most dominant side effect of abortion pills. Women who take these pills will notice abnormal uterine bleeding which is usually accompanied by other symptoms like painful cramps, headaches, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea. In certain cases, the bleeding may continue for prolonged periods (even weeks), forcing the woman to undergo blood transfusions.
Time Consuming Procedure: When compared to surgical termination which is quick, termination of pregnancy via abortion pills is not immediate. It will take at least 2 weeks for the uterus to empty out the fetal remains and pregnancy tissues completely, resulting in a lot of pain and discomfort during this period.
Increased Risk of Medical Emergencies: Chances are the pills may cause an adverse reaction in the body, leading to a medical emergency that needs to be treated immediately. The absence of a doctor or medical personnel in these cases can lead to life threatening consequences.
Incomplete Termination: There is no guarantee that the abortion pills will be 100% effective in removing the fetus completely. There might be an incomplete termination wherein parts of the womb may remain in the uterus and cause serious complications like infections and injuries that may lead to pregnancy complications in the future or even infertility in the long run.
Birth Defects: Studies have revealed that the use of abortion pills may lead to severe birth defects in the baby should it survive the termination by chance. The use of Misoprostol in fact, has been related to severe limb disorders in newborn babies.
Although widely used by women to terminate unwanted pregnancies, abortion pills come with a slew of side effects and complications that one needs to understand completely before opting for them.