Inspite of having a good health and a complete sleep routine, every individual at some point of time experiences fatigue and sleepiness in his life. Fatigue and sleepiness could be categorized into two major parts – one being physical and the other being psychological. Both the factors could be correlated to each other as such if a person is exhausted physically, it would cause distress to the mind as well. And if the tiredness exists mentally, it will gradually deteriorate the health of a person physically. The symptoms of chronic fatigue are much higher in female as compared to male.
There are enormous cause for tiredness and weakness in a human body, from eating habits to the living lifestyle. You should include physical exercises, extracurricular activities in your daily life apart from the only monotonous work which you keep yourself buried in. The body should get adequate rests so as to perform any work efficiently without any exhaustion. The eating habit should also be checked so that it becomes compulsory to include lots of fresh fruits, green vegetables and water in your diet.
Some of the main causes of Fatigue and sleepiness are as follows:
1. Not enough sleep
An adult should get seven to eight hours of sleep every night. Lack of sleep will decrease the concentration power and adversely affect the health. Make your sleeping schedule a strict routine and ban your mobile phones and laptops from your bedroom for a sound sleep.
2. Not enough fuel
Fatigue is usually caused through poor nutrition. Eating the right food is very essential to keep your body going on. A balanced diet should be introduced with proper guidance which will prevent the body from being sluggish. Eat your breakfast like a king, have lunch like a common man and dine like a pauper. Add lots of carbs and protein to your diet.
Right amount of water is beneficial for the body. Drinking enough water drains out the toxic from the body. Being thirsty means you are already dehydrated. You should consume at least two to four liters of water in a day to keep your body hydrated so that you can keep fatigue at bay.
4. Caffeine overload
Caffeine consumption should be always taken in moderation. Excess of caffeine increases the blood pressure, rate of the heart and even causes restlessness. Caffeine products like tea, coffee, chocolates, soft drinks etc should be consumed in a limited amount so that they do not become an addiction to beat fatigue and sleepiness.
Obesity is an increasing problem among today’s youth and young adults. This is due to bad eating habits which include junk foods and aerated drinks. Lack of physical exercise also leads a body to gain weight and result in obesity. Regular exercise should be introduced to the daily routine of every individual. Healthy eating must be done. Cut out fried foods and introduce organic foods to the diet.
6. Work shifts
Shift duties could cause terror to the normal pattern of sleeping which in turn could lead to tiredness and fatigue. It would be a problem to stay awake during night time and have trouble sleeping during the day. As shift duties cannot be controlled, you can at least work towards creating the right environment to sleep whenever you get time. During daytime, make the room dark and quiet for a good and sound sleep.
Anemia is the main cause of fatigue among women due to their menstrual blood loss which causes iron deficiency. Taking of iron supplements and food rich in iron like green leafy vegetables, shellfish, beans, meat, liver etc helps the body to fight Anaemia.
Thyroid is a gland in the human body which controls metabolism. If the gland is not functioning properly, it leads to sudden weight gain and makes you feel sluggish. Thyroid hormones are checked through blood tests and can be treated only under proper medication and doctor’s help.
In diabetes patient, instead of entering the body’s cell, the high levels of sugar remain in the bloodstream. This causes tiredness, sleepiness and unexplained fatigue among the diabetics. To keep diabetes in control, various treatments like insulin therapy, medication is undergone. Apart from that, regular exercise and a balanced diet is necessary in order to keep check on diabetes.