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I am 24 years and I am here to discuss my plight with you all. For the past 3 days or so I have been suffering from excessive cough and cold and my nose has been congested completely. My doctor is advising me to use a nasal decongestant. As I have not use

What are all nasal decongestants?

I am 24 years and I am here to discuss my plight with you all. For the past 3 days or so I have been suffering from excessive cough and cold and my nose has been congested completely. My doctor is advising me to use a nasal decongestant. As I have not used it before so I would like to know from people-what are all nasal decongestants and how they work? Waiting for the replies!

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  • Divya Chilakamarri

    Nasal decongestants are drugs used to clear blocks in the nasal cavity, caused due to allergies or inflammations or common cold, which cause nasal blood vessels to dilate, which in turn cause nasal congestion or blockage. Many nasal decongestants are available  in the form of pills, nasal drops or nasal sprays. Most commonly used decongestants include phenylephrine, psedoephridine, sodium chloride (saline gel), naphazoline, tetrahydrozoline, ephedrine. Most of these drugs work by constricting or shrinking blood vessels in your nose and sinuses, thereby, draining the congested regions off the blocks. Remember that you should list out to the doctor before commencement
    of the medication if you are allergic to any chemical compounds, if you
    are under any other medication like if you are taking pills for diabetes
    or heart diseases or any other health conditions. The chemical composition of certain medicines might not fare well with that of the decongestant and so, when taken together, might cause adverse reactions. You should also take a note of the side effects while using decongestants. Most side effects are mild and not very serious. They include:sneezingmild drowsinessheadachenauseamild insomniaIf an other more reactions like swelling of face, nose and lips, severe and consistent sneezing, severe restlessness or dizziness or insomnia, erratic heartbeat are observed, you’d better stop the medication immediately and consult the doctor. Stick to the doctor’s advice when it comes to the question of dosage. Overdose might lead to fatal reactions similar to those listed earlier. When overdose is suspected, visit a doctor immediately. When you miss a dose, take one as soon as you remember. But, do not double the dose to compensate for the missed one.Though most nasal decongestants are obtainable without doctor’s prescription, it is strongly advised not to use them without consulting a doctor.