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Copper T contraceptive: The side effects you should know

Opting for the right contraceptive method is a must for all couples in today’s fast moving life where thinking of family planning for the betterment of your future life is inevitable. Whether you are a newly wedded couple, or in a live-in relationship with your boyfriend, or have recently delivered a baby, the precautionary method to prevent unwanted pregnancy should be chosen so as to best suit your present situation and needs and should also offer complete protection, along with health safety and reliability.

Copper T is one such intrauterine device which is considered quite beneficial in rendering birth control and is therefore immensely used worldwide as its failure rate is less than 1%. In spite of its popularity and effectiveness, which assures you of a stress-free life, there are certain side effects which cannot be overlooked. Although, these side effects fade away with time, it is best to consult an experienced medical practitioner before getting a Copper T inserted.

Untimely bleeding and cramps

Post copper T insertion, many women complain of incessant untimely bleeding between the menstrual cycle and severe cramps which are quite different from those experienced during periods. Heavy bleeding during the menstrual cycle and clotting between periods is a common feature and a regular complaint during the initial few months when copper T is opted as the contraceptive device. Many a times these pains are unbearable and quite regular as well. However, with passage of time, these premenstrual bleedings fade away and subside on their own, reducing to be less than that during the menstruation cycle. Only in some very rare cases do they continue for a longer time span. As for the cramps, simple pain killing tables like ibuprofen can be taken to avoid further complications relating to the same.


Although registered in a very few cases, some women experience irritation, itching and rashes in the vaginal area on insertion of copper T as a contraceptive option. This happens due to the copper coating present on the intrauterine device which is comprehended by doctors as the main cause of the allergy. To prevent this situation from occurring, women should analyze and judge before hand whether they are allergic to copper T or not. If the infection spreads to the Fallopian tubes, it can prove to be very hazardous for your health. Under such circumstances, the device should be immediately removed and instead, a non-copper IUD like hormonal IUD should be opted for. Do discuss this with your doctor as the hormonal Mirena IUD removal has its own side effects, according to drugnews.net.

Automatic ejection

Although not a very common complaint, some very rare cases of expulsion of the copper T, all by itself, from the vagina have been seen. However, if copper T is pushed out of the uterus by any chance, the woman is at a high risk of getting pregnant. It is very difficult to trace and notice such expulsions and determine its time of occurrence. So, it is mandatory to get regular check ups done every year after insertion of copper T so that such uncertainty or unforeseen happening is easily traced before it is too late.

Cuts in the uterus

Sometimes, women with copper T insertion have complained of perforation caused in their uterus by the device. Such an alarming situation calls for an immediate and emergency removal of the device from the woman’s body. If copper T is not removed immediately from the patient’s body on having pricked the uterus, it can automatically move to other organs of the body. Under such circumstances, the only solution left would be a surgical retrieval of the device. So, you should immediately consult your doctor and go in for an internal check up if you happen to feel any discomfort at any stage after getting a copper T fixed inside the uterus.

Chances of miscarriage

If a woman gets pregnant while using copper T, her chances of having a miscarriage are alarming because in such cases the egg gets fertilized somewhere outside the uterus wall, resulting in an array of complications and, ultimately, the loss of the fetus. So, if at any stage you suspects yourself of being pregnant, you should rush to get a check up done and, if tested positive of pregnancy, get the device removed without further delay.

No protection against sexually transmitted diseases

A copper T insertion for birth control does not provide any protection against sexually transmitted diseases like HIV or HPV. So, it is not advisable for women who have multiple sex partners and are at a higher risk of getting infected by STDs. As a matter of fact, it is best suitable for women who already have children and are in a steady relationship with one partner.

Secondary infertility

Copper T can contribute to secondary infertility later on because it works by causing inflammation of the uterine lining. This inflammation can cause scar tissue to form in your uterus, which can make it difficult for a baby to implant successfully. So, it would not be incorrect to say that copper T does reduce the chances of having a baby by a small percentage, though, and in some very unusual cases.

Bloating and weight gain

Many women, after having got a copper T inserted, have complained of weight gain and unnecessary bloating especially around the stomach and lower hip region. This happens due to hormonal imbalances caused during the menstrual cycle, accompanied by heavy bleeding and pain in the abdominal region.

Some miscellaneous complaints

A feedback from many women from across the world has stated that copper T insertion leads to fatigue, dizziness, acne, palpitation, mood swings, headaches and occasional anxiety, especially around the time of their monthly cycle, which they might have never faced before opting for this contraceptive method of birth control. For some women, they disappeared on their own with the passage of time, while some had to carry on with these minor changes in them throughout the contraceptive usage period. There is not much you can do about these and as they are not very severe, they are not even treated as being serious issues with the device.

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