Post coital bleeding refers to the bleeding observed in women after having a sexual intercourse. There are several reasons for experiencing this problem. This could be due to disorders or diseases in the cervix. Bleeding can also be caused by some underlying disease or medical condition that you might have neglected for a prolonged period of time. However, since many women feel shy to speak about such incidences openly, post coital bleeding goes neglected until it leads to a major medical condition or health disorder. Post coital bleeding is a serious issue that requires immediate medical treatment. Diagnosing the condition depends on the underlying causative factor.
Listed below are ten common reasons for post coital bleeding.
This occurs when there is an infection in the cervix leading to inflammation in the region. There are several reasons for developing this condition, ranging from microbial infection to even cancerous cells. Irrespective of the causative factor, cervicitis makes the cervical walls extremely fragile, causing them to bleed easily and rupture after sexual intercourse.
2. Cervical Cancer
Nearly 39 percent of the women who experience bleeding after sex are diagnosed with cervical cancer. Presence of cancerous tumors in the region can rupture and break, leading to bleeding.
3. Chlamydia Infection
This microbe can spread through semen, so if your partner is infected with Chlamydia, it is important for him to undergo necessary treatment to prevent further spread of the disease. Chlamydia can also pass through infected blood transfusions.
4. Gonorrhea Infection
Gonorrhea on the other hand is a bacteria transmitted sexually by an infected partner. It is always advisable for you to make sure that you and your partner are free from several sexually transmitted diseases caused by different microbes. If you are suspected of being infected with Chlamydia or Gonorrhea, your doctor might ask you to undergo a medical screening to check the presence of these dangerous microorganisms. In case, the test turns out to be positive, you might be given suitable medications to treat the condition. With timely diagnosis, you can successfully get rid of the microbes.
5. Pelvic inflammatory disease
This results in inflammation in the reproductive organs including the womb, fallopian tubes and the tissues surrounding the ovaries. It is mainly caused by microbial contamination. Post coital bleeding is one of the most easily detectable symptoms to diagnose pelvic inflammatory disease.
6. Vaginal dryness
This is also called atrophic vaiginitis, seen mainly in women who have attained menopause. Here the vaginal secretions are reduced leading to decreased lubrication. This causes bleeding in the vagina after sex.
7. Cervical or endometrial polyps
These non-cancerous growths are generally red or purple in color. They arise from the endocervix and extend towards the cervical walls. These outgrowths are not harmful or painful. With suitable treatment, these outgrowths can be easily removed.
8. Cervical dysplasia
This causes unwanted and abnormal changes in the linings of the cervical walls, leading to bleeding. Having multiple sex partners or early childbirth (before 16 years) can catalyze the formation of cervical dysplasia.
9. Fibroid Tumors
These tumors do not spread to other parts of the body. They are stationary and are caused due to accumulation of fibrous masses. These form lumps in the region. In rare cases, these lumps can turn out to be cancerous. Therefore it is absolutely crucial for you to receive suitable treatment and remove the fibroids either though medications or surgery, depending on the severity of the condition. This will prevent further aggravation.
10. Yeast Infection
This type of infection is very common among many women. If you notice excess itching and/or burning sensation in and around the vaginal region, you could be infected by abnormal yeast production, leading to yeast infection. Other symptoms of yeast infection include white discharge that is predominantly odorless and sticky.
Post coital bleeding could be caused due to a variety of reasons. The nature of bleeding, the severity and the symptoms observed differ from one woman to another. Irrespective of the causative factor, it is highly important to get immediate treatment and prevent aggravation of the disorder. Presence of infectious microorganisms can be treated with suitable antibiotics or medications. Cancerous cells have to be given appropriate treatment depending on the nature of cancerous cells (whether they are benign or malignant in nature). In some cases, post coital bleeding could be a symptom of pregnancy too. The disorder aggravates in women who have had multiple sex partners. This increases the chances of contracting several diseases transmitted sexually, making the woman more vulnerable. Therefore, if you have noticed unusual spotting after having sex, remember to get an appointment with a doctor and receive the necessary treatment to prevent aggravation of the condition.